Caterpillar Outdoor Forklifts
A forklift must be checked well and given a test run prior to purchasing it. This applies specifically to trucks being acquired on the Internet. It is very essential to detect possible issues with trucks obtained from companies online.
Be certain to start the engine from cold, and note the ease with which the engine turns over and whether there is too much smoke. This is particularly vital with trucks that have IC engines.
The test run should include an inspection of the truck's performance in tough situations. An operator who is qualified can maneuver the truck in reverse and forward, up the ramp.
You can perform your own inspection of an IC engine truck. On a clear part of floor, run the truck around for a few minutes while a skilled driver tests the hydraulic functions. Afterward, look at the ground underneath for indications of fluid leakage. Even seemingly minor leaking can lead to serious issues that will be expensive to repair later on.
The masts and chains must be inspected by a trained individual. Check with and without a load that the mast operates well. Watch for sticking or 'binding' of the mast. A warning sign is play in the mast channels or between the fork carriage and mast. One more is creeping forward or creeping down of the mast when loaded. These can be signs of problems with valve, seals or ram.
The mast may have been changed at some time if the truck is used. Make sure that the mast and any fitted attachments adhere to the rating plate on a truck. Check that the sideshift is not sticking when loaded.
Looking closely at the thickness of the heel for damage or wear must be included in the inspection. The truck's manufacturer specifies minimum thickness. A loose fit could mean the hanger points or carriage are worn. Watch for cracks on the arms at mountings and heels.
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